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Prisoners in Military Uniform: Human Rights In The North Korean Military

30 Mar 2022
TitlePrisoners in Military Uniform: Human Rights in the North Korean Military
AuthorInsung Kim, Hyun-min An, Hanna Song, Seungju Lee
Publication Year2022
Price/Not for Sale$20/20,000 KRW
Publication Date2022-03-28
Pages395


Table of Contents


Forewordㆍ11


I. Introductionㆍ 17


1. Purpose of Resarchㆍ 17

2. Research Content and Methodologyㆍ 19

1) Research Content and Scopeㆍ 19

2) Research Methodologyㆍ21


II. The State of Human Rights in the North Korean Militaryㆍ 47


1. Overview of North Korean Military Human Rightsㆍ 47

1) The Presence of Discrimination Due to Background and Songbunㆍ 47

(1) Enlistmentㆍ 48

(2) Installation Assignmentㆍ 55

(3) Admission to the Partyㆍ 59

(4) Promotionsㆍ 65

2) Human Rights Violations due to Group Deploymentㆍ 67

3) Existence of Human Rights Training and Reporting Proceduresㆍ 69


2. The State of the Right to Lifeㆍ 78

1) Public and Secret Executionㆍ 78

2) Death in the Course of Trainingㆍ 97

3) Death in the Course of Workㆍ 108

4) Death Due to Beatings and Other Harsh Actsㆍ 118

5) Death Due to Malnourishmentㆍ 124

6) Death Due to Inadequate Medical Treatmentㆍ 136


3. The State of the Right to Libertyㆍ 147

1) Disappearanceㆍ 147

2) Physically and Psychologically Harsh Actsㆍ 155

(1) Verbal Abuseㆍ 155

(2) Beatingsㆍ 165

(3) Harsh Acts (Torture)ㆍ 182

(4) Sexual Violenceㆍ 190

3) Surveillance Systemㆍ 203

(1) Monitoringㆍ 203

(2) Lettersㆍ 216

(3) Phone Callsㆍ 223

(4) Visitsㆍ 229


III. State of Crimes Committed Against Civilians by the Militaryㆍ 237


1. Murder of Civiliansㆍ 238

2. Assault of Civiliansㆍ 246

3. Looting Civiliansㆍ 256

4. Forced Labor of Civiliansㆍ 268

5. Sexual Assault Against Civilian Womenㆍ 270


IV. The State of Human Rights in North Korean Military Detention Facilitiesㆍ 277


1. The State of Human Rights in North Military Detention Facilitiesㆍ 279

2. The State of Labor Reform Camps in North Koreaㆍ 286

1) Entry Processㆍ 288

2) Food Distributionㆍ 289

3) Forced Laborㆍ 290

4) Monitoringㆍ 291

5) Beatingsㆍ 292

6) Death and Disposal of Bodiesㆍ 292


V. Conclusionㆍ 295


VI. Changes to the North Korean Military System and the State of Human Rights after Kim Jong Un’s Rise to Powerㆍ303

Referencesㆍ 361

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